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LBSCR D1 Class 0-4-2

photograph: Dave Searle collection

Nº290, "Denbies", built June 1879, in full LB&SCR livery, location unknown.

What, one might have wondered back in the 1870s, would Stroudley come up with next after his hugely successful Terriers? The answer was simple, the equally famous D Class 0-4-2 tanks! A much "stronger" class that was, like the Terriers, destined to have a long and successful career. Pure Stroudley through and through, the locomotives were ideal for both suburban and country traffic and were quite at home on a fast mainline service - provided there was time for a water stop or two! Some of the class were fitted with Stroudley's "speed recorder" which was, quite simply, a fan driven by a driving wheel that forced a jet of air into a tubular water container forcing the water to rise as the speed built up. Simple but effective, it was more of an "indicator" than a "recorder".

Built over thirteen years, the first, "Sydenham", appropriately bearing the number '1', appeared in November 1873 whilst the last, the 125th, was not built until December 1886. Initially built at Brighton, Some 35 examples were built by Neilson & Co of Glasgow, after which the remainder were once again Brighton-built.

With such a large class it is not surprising that there were a number of variations. Initially built with 150 lb sq in boilers, from 1892 RJ Billinton fitted 160 lb boilers whilst one, ex-"Carlshalton" of June 1873 (who carried no less than five numbers in LBSCR days) was rebuilt in 1910 as class D1x with a larger, 170 lb, boiler that made for a decidedly tubby looking locomotive! When Marsh took over at Brighton he replaced the 150 lb boilers with 170 lb ones. Although the increased boiler pressures led to a useful increase in performance, the D1x doesn't seem to have been much of a success and no more D1s were rebuilt. Considered unsteady at anything over 45 mph, the D1x worked her last years on the 'Cuckoo Line' between Eastbourne and Mayfield.

Nº627 was the first of the class to be converted for working motor trains, oil-fired and with two Marsh control-trailer coaches she handled the traffic on the Epsom Downs branch most capably on all but big race meeting days. After being converted she carried the initials 'L & B' in large, some called them vulgar, letters on her tank sides.

The original series of Brighton-built locomotives had wooden brake blocks, but from the last of this series (Nº268 "Baynards") onwards, iron blocks were fitted. One odd thing to note about the Neilson engines was that the first was the last! Brighton works provided Neilsons with half a set of motion which they used in the first locomotive, Nº233 "Handcross", which was then used as a 'pattern engine', eventually leaving the works in March 1883, some four months after the penultimate locomotive.

Various of the class were the subject of accidents over the years, the most serious being on the 'Cuckoo Line' in 1897 when the Driver was killed, which raised questions about the use of front coupled locomotives. However, it was considered that the true cause of the accidents was the state of the permanent way, which left a lot to be desired around the turn of the century!

As time progressed virtually all were re-boilered by either RJ Billinton or, later, Marsh who raised the pressure to 170 lb. Coal rails were fitted to increase coal capacity to 2 tons 15 cwt. During Southern Railway days four of the class had their bunkers cut down and side tank capacity reduced so that they could work the Lyme Regis branch, though the SR quickly learned (as Dugald Drummond had many years earlier) that you couldn't run rigid framed engines on that line! During the early 1940s engines 2215, 2220 2239, 2244, 2252, 2253, 2255, 2260 and 2357 were equipped for use as fire engines at big depots, able to throw four jets of water at a rate of a ton a minute. Also during WWII several D1s were sent to Scotland for branchline and shunting work resulting in the Highland Railway line seeing Stroudley locomotives at work some seven decades after the man himself had left Inverness for the south.

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If there is a larger version, clicking on the 'F' key will display it.
  • 290 Denbies
     
    Another view of Nº290 Denbies, this time with A1 class Knowle. Note that the trailing wheels of the D1 class were not much smaller than the driving wheels.
    Photograph: Dave Searle collection.
  • 278 Groombridge
    West Crodon
    Nº278 Groombridge believed to have been photographed at West Croydon in 1904.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 248
    Addison Road
    Starting in 1906 Marsh removed the names from most of the engines and painted LBSC in plain letters on the side tanks. Here is Nº248, formerly Ashurst, of 1881, in this condition at Addison Road, most probably sometime between June 1910 and June 1917, with Kensington South Main box in the background. Note the GWR 4-4-0 also in the background!.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 290
    London Bridge
    NºB290 (formerly Denbies) once more, this time photographed at London Bridge station during early Southern Railway days.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • B359
    On shed
    At and unknown location, and on an unknown date, NºB359 (formerly Egmont) photographed on shed during early Southern Railway days.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • B614
    Oxted
    NºB614, formerly named Chelsea, photographed at Oxted during early Southern Railway days.
    Photograph: Dr Ian C Allen/Mike Morant collection.
  • B220
     
    NºB220, formerly "Balcombe", in early Southern Days.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 2220
    Bisley
    Now as Nº2220, the same engine is seen at Bisley, on the branch from Brookwood which closed in July 1952 for public services. In peacetime services were run for only a week each July for the National Rifle Association's Annual Meeting. Nº2220 was used for the last meeting (July 1939) before WW2 and was allocated to Guildford shed at the time. The train is a P&P set converted from half a LSWR bogie block set.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 2229
    Horsham
    Nº2229 photographed at Horsham.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 2253
    On shed.
    Nº2253 seen on shed somewhere, sometime!
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 2252
    On turntable
    Nº2252, captured on the turntable outside a roundhouse.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • 2252
    Brighton
    Nº2252 now at Brighton Station in August 1950. 19 of the class saw service in BR(S) days, although none carried a 32xxx number. Nº2252 was withdrawn in September 1950 and the whole class had gone by the end of 1951.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • CMHW Nº1
     
    Along with members of various other classes, some D1s were sold for service elsewhere. One such case was County Mental Hospital Whittingham Nº1, an ex-LBSCR D1 Nº2357 which was bought directly from the SR for £750 in 1946 and was withdrawn following boiler failure in 1955. There is mention in at least two places on the web that this loco was at some time named but there is no evidence of that in this image. Neither of those references states when the name was applied nor for how long.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.
  • CMHW Nº1
     
    A closer view of CMHW Nº1 with the cab of the railway's Nº2 in the left of the shot. These shots were taken between 1946 when the loco arrived at Whittingham and 1952 when the other engine in the photo was withdrawn from service.
    Photograph: Mike Morant collection.

Technical Details

Introduced: November 1873
Driving Wheel: 5 ft 6 ins
Carrying Wheel: 4 ft 6 ins
Total Weight: 43 tons 10 cwt
Water Capacity 860 gals
Cylinders (2): 17 in x 24 in
Boiler Pressure: 150 lb sq in
Tractive Effort: 13,400 lb
Coal Capacity: 1 ton 10 cwt

Data

The LBSC was better than the other Southern Companies in keeping locomotive classes more or less in consecutive numbers, but they could issue these numbers somewhat randomly! The following table is set out in order of build:
 
LBSC Nº
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20 §
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
295
296
293
292
294
297
291
287
290
286
288
289
284
285
282
283
280
281
274
275
276
277
278
273
279
269
270
271
272
268
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
233
231
232
230
229
228
227
226
224
225
221
222
223
351
352
353
354
355
357
356
358
359
360
361
362
Name
Sydenham
Wandsworth
Battersea
Mickleham
Streatham
Wimbledon
Bermondsey
Brockley
Anerley
Banstead
Selhurst
Wallington
Pimlico
Cheslea
Brompton
Silverdale
Dulwich
Stockwell
Belmont
Carshalton
Beddington
Addington
Mayfield
Brambletye
Rotherfield
Hartfield
Uckfield
Isfield
Lambeth
Camberwell
Borough
Walworth
Mitcham
Balham
Southwark
New Cross
Whippingham
Osborne/Peckham
Norbury
Leigham
Rosebery/Falmer
Bonchurch
Deepdene
Buryhill
Denbies
Ranmore
Effingham
Holmbury
Ashburnham
Holmwood
Rowfant
Aldgate
Grinstead
Withyham
Guildford
Cranleigh
Rudgwick
Slinfold
Groombridge
Dornden
Tunbridge Wells
Crawley
Warnham
Eridge
Nevill/Goring
Baynards
Rottingdean
Broadwater
Ardingly
Cuckfield
Lindfield
Patcham
Ditchling
Stanmer
Ringmer
Ovingdean
Hassocks
Withdean
Bramber
Arlington
Ashurst
Hilsea
Hoathly
Singleton
Buckhurst
Selham
Hambledon
Willingdon
Stanford
Brading
Cosham
Telford/Barnham
Lavington
Wigmore
Oxted
Purley
Langstone
Chipstead
Charlwood
Maresfield
Handcross
Horsham
Lewes
Brookhouse
Dorking
Seaford
Heathfield
Westham
Crowhurst
Ashburne
Warbleton
Cuckmere
Balcombe
Chailey
Lavant
Keymer
Lancing
Worthing
Riddlesdown
Coulsdon
Henfield
Egmont
Leconfield
Upperton
Kidbrooke
Builder
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Neilson
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Brighton
Re-numbered
684
75/298
-
-
605
76/299
607
-
-
-
-
612
77/77A/347/214
614
615
616
617
78/78A/348/215
619
79/79A/349/216
621
-
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
80/80A/350/217
633
634
298/698
299/699
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
218
219
220
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
SR Nº #
B684
2298
-
-
2605
2299
-
-
-
-
-
2612
2214
2614
2615
2616
B617
2215
-
2216
-
-
2623
B624
2625
2626
2627
-
2629
-
2631
2217
2633
B634
-
2699
2295
2296
B293
B292
2294
2297
B291
B287
2290
2286
2288
2289
2284
B385
2282
2283
B280
B281
2274
2275
2276
B277
B278
2273
2279
2269
2270
B271
B272
B268
2234
2235
B236
2237
B238
2239
2240
2241
B242
B243
2244
B245
B246
2247
2248
2249
B250
B251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
B257
B258
2259
2260
2261
2262
-
B264
B265
2266
2267
2233
2231
2232
B230
2229
2228
2227
2226
2224
B225
2221
B222
B223
B218
2352
2220
B354
2355
2357
2356
2358
2359
B360
2361
B362
Built:
Nov 1873
Dec 1873
Dec 1873
Jan 1874
Jan 1874
Jan 1874
Mar 1874
Mar 1874
Apr 1874
Apr 1874
Jun 1874
Jul 1874
Dec 1874
Dec 1874
Jan 1875
Mar 1875
Apr 1875
May 1875
Jul 1875
Jul 1875
Jul 1875
Aug 1875
Aug 1875
Nov 1875
Mar 1876
Mar 1876
Mar 1876
Apr 1876
Apr 1876
Apr 1876
May 1876
May 1876
May 1876
Jun 1876
Jun 1876
Jun 1876
Oct 1877
Oct 1877
Oct 1877
Nov 1877
Nov 1877
Dec 1877
May 1879
Jun 1879
Jun 1879
Jul 1879
Jul 1879
Jul 1879
Sep 1879
Sep 1879
Oct 1879
Oct 1879
Nov 1879
Nov 1879
Dec 1879
Dec 1879
Dec 1879
Dec 1879
Dec 1879
Dec 1879
Apr 1880
May 1880
May 1880
May 1880
May 1880
May 1880
Oct 1881
Oct 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Nov 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Dec 1881
Jan 1882
Jan 1882
Feb 1882
Feb 1882
Mar 1882
Mar 1882
Mar 1882
Mar 1882
Mar 1882
Apr 1882
Apr 1882
Apr 1882
May 1882
May 1882
May 1882
May 1882
Mar 1883
Jul 1884
Jul 1884
Oct 1884
Dec 1884
Dec 1884
Jan 1885
May 1885
Jun 1885
Jun 1885
Jul 1885
Jul 1885
Jul 1885
Jan 1886
Jan 1886
Jan 1886
May 1886
May 1886
Jul 1886
Nov 1886
Nov 1886
Dec 1886
Jan 1887
Jan 1887
Mar 1887
Withdrawn
Nov 1926
Jun 1933
Dec 1903
Jul 1904
Nov 1948 *
Aug 1949 *
Dec 1912
Apr 1904
Jul 1904
Oct 1904
Jul 1906
Oct 1934
Aug 1933
May 1936
Feb 1937
Sep 1938
Nov 1926
Feb 1950 *
Jun 1913
Aug 1933
Nov 1912
Jul 1906
Feb 1934
Nov 1925
Oct 1940
Nov 1940
Nov 1943
Dec 1912
Jan 1936
Jun 1913
Aug 1940
Jun 1933
Feb 1944
Nov 1926
Jul 1923
Feb 1948 *
Jun 1937
Dec 1933
Dec 1925
Nov 1926
May 1936
Sep 1937
Oct 1926
Dec 1925
Mar 1936
Jul 1948 *
May 1937
Jul 1948 *
Dec 1951 *
Nov 1927
Feb 1936
Nov 1948 *
Jun 1926
Dec 1926
Feb 1950 *
Oct 1940
Dec 1935
Nov 1926
Aug 1926
Jul 1936
Jan 1936
Sep 1948
Jul 1940
Jun 1928
Aug 1925
Sep 1926
Feb 1950 *
May 1949 *
Nov 1926
Aug 1940
Dec 1925
Mar 1948 *
Aug 1946
Jul 1933
Jul 1925
Oct 1925
May 1949 *
Nov 1926
Nov 1926
Apr 1938
Jun 1933
Apr 1938
Nov 1925
Apr 1926
Sep 1950 *
Sep 1949 *
Nov 1940
Jan 1947
Dec 1933
Nov 1926
Nov 1926
Mar 1948 *
Jul 1946
May 1938
Apr 1933
Jun 1913
Nov 1926
Nov 1926
Jun 1934
Jan 1935
Aug 1944
Sep 1933
Jun 1944
Jun 1926
Nov 1947
Aug 1933
Mar 1939
Jun 1940
Aug 1940
Mar 1925
Jun 1940
Jul 1923
Jul 1925
Feb 1927
Nov 1933
Aug 1946
Apr 1925
Sep 1946
Mar 1946 ¶
May 1940
Nov 1948 *
Jul 1951 *
Sep 1927
Mar 1948 *
Oct 1927

# Between 1923 and 1928 SR numbers were the LBSCR numbers with the added prefix 'B'
§ Re-built as class D1x 3 December 1910
¶ sold to the County Mental Hospital, Whittingham for £750 and worked on that private railway as James Fryar until eventual withdrawal in 1955 when the boiler expired and it was laid aside and sadly scrapped when the CMHW line closed.
* Although these locos were taken into BR stock, they didn't carry 32xxx numbers.

This page was last updated 13 June 2012

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